Regression to mean for TSLA for NASDAQ:TSLA by CrookedTREE ...

addaff

addaff

What Is Capitalism?

Capitalism is an economic system in which private individuals or businesses own capital goods. The production of goods and services is based on supply and demand in the general market—known as a market economy—rather than through central planning—known as a planned economy or command economy.
The purest form of capitalism is free market or laissez-faire capitalism. Here, private individuals are unrestrained. They may determine where to invest, what to produce or sell, and at which prices to exchange goods and services. The laissez-faire marketplace operates without checks or controls.
Today, most countries practice a mixed capitalist system that includes some degree of government regulation of business and ownership of select industries.
Volume 75% 2:05

Capitalism

Understanding Capitalism

Functionally speaking, capitalism is one process by which the problems of economic production and resource distribution might be resolved. Instead of planning economic decisions through centralized political methods, as with socialism or feudalism, economic planning under capitalism occurs via decentralized and voluntary decisions.

KEY TAKEAWAYS

  • Capitalism is an economic system characterized by private ownership of the means of production, especially in the industrial sector.
  • Capitalism depends on the enforcement of private property rights, which provide incentives for investment in and productive use of productive capital.
  • Capitalism developed historically out of previous systems of feudalism and mercantilism in Europe, and dramatically expanded industrialization and the large-scale availability of mass-market consumer goods.
  • Pure capitalism can be contrasted with pure socialism (where all means of production are collective or state-owned) and mixed economies (which lie on a continuum between pure capitalism and pure socialism).
  • The real-world practice of capitalism typically involves some degree of so-called “crony capitalism” due to demands from business for favorable government intervention and governments’ incentive to intervene in the economy.

Capitalism and Private Property

Private property rights are fundamental to capitalism. Most modern concepts of private property stem from John Locke's theory of homesteading, in which human beings claim ownership through mixing their labor with unclaimed resources. Once owned, the only legitimate means of transferring property are through voluntary exchange, gifts, inheritance, or re-homesteading of abandoned property.
Private property promotes efficiency by giving the owner of resources an incentive to maximize the value of their property. So, the more valuable the resource is, the more trading power it provides the owner. In a capitalist system, the person who owns the property is entitled to any value associated with that property.
For individuals or businesses to deploy their capital goods confidently, a system must exist that protects their legal right to own or transfer private property. A capitalist society will rely on the use of contracts, fair dealing, and tort law to facilitate and enforce these private property rights.
When a property is not privately owned but shared by the public, a problem known as the tragedy of the commons can emerge. With a common pool resource, which all people can use, and none can limit access to, all individuals have an incentive to extract as much use value as they can and no incentive to conserve or reinvest in the resource. Privatizing the resource is one possible solution to this problem, along with various voluntary or involuntary collective action approaches.

Capitalism, Profits, and Losses

Profits are closely associated with the concept of private property. By definition, an individual only enters into a voluntary exchange of private property when they believe the exchange benefits them in some psychic or material way. In such trades, each party gains extra subjective value, or profit, from the transaction.
Voluntary trade is the mechanism that drives activity in a capitalist system. The owners of resources compete with one another over consumers, who in turn, compete with other consumers over goods and services. All of this activity is built into the price system, which balances supply and demand to coordinate the distribution of resources.
A capitalist earns the highest profit by using capital goods most efficiently while producing the highest-value good or service. In this system, information about what is highest-valued is transmitted through those prices at which another individual voluntarily purchases the capitalist's good or service. Profits are an indication that less valuable inputs have been transformed into more valuable outputs. By contrast, the capitalist suffers losses when capital resources are not used efficiently and instead create less valuable outputs.

Free Enterprise or Capitalism?

Capitalism and free enterprise are often seen as synonymous. In truth, they are closely related yet distinct terms with overlapping features. It is possible to have a capitalist economy without complete free enterprise, and possible to have a free market without capitalism.
Any economy is capitalist as long as private individuals control the factors of production. However, a capitalist system can still be regulated by government laws, and the profits of capitalist endeavors can still be taxed heavily.
"Free enterprise" can roughly be understood to mean economic exchanges free of coercive government influence. Although unlikely, it is possible to conceive of a system where individuals choose to hold all property rights in common. Private property rights still exist in a free enterprise system, although the private property may be voluntarily treated as communal without a government mandate.
Many Native American tribes existed with elements of these arrangements, and within a broader capitalist economic family, clubs, co-ops, and joint-stock business firms like partnerships or corporations are all examples of common property institutions.
If accumulation, ownership, and profiting from capital is the central principle of capitalism, then freedom from state coercion is the central principle of free enterprise.

Feudalism the Root of Capitalism

Capitalism grew out of European feudalism. Up until the 12th century, less than 5% of the population of Europe lived in towns. Skilled workers lived in the city but received their keep from feudal lords rather than a real wage, and most workers were serfs for landed nobles. However, by the late Middle Ages rising urbanism, with cities as centers of industry and trade, become more and more economically important.
The advent of true wages offered by the trades encouraged more people to move into towns where they could get money rather than subsistence in exchange for labor. Families’ extra sons and daughters who needed to be put to work, could find new sources of income in the trade towns. Child labor was as much a part of the town's economic development as serfdom was part of the rural life.

Mercantilism Replaces Feudalism

Mercantilism gradually replaced the feudal economic system in Western Europe and became the primary economic system of commerce during the 16th to 18th centuries. Mercantilism started as trade between towns, but it was not necessarily competitive trade. Initially, each town had vastly different products and services that were slowly homogenized by demand over time.
After the homogenization of goods, trade was carried out in broader and broader circles: town to town, county to county, province to province, and, finally, nation to nation. When too many nations were offering similar goods for trade, the trade took on a competitive edge that was sharpened by strong feelings of nationalism in a continent that was constantly embroiled in wars.
Colonialism flourished alongside mercantilism, but the nations seeding the world with settlements were not trying to increase trade. Most colonies were set up with an economic system that smacked of feudalism, with their raw goods going back to the motherland and, in the case of the British colonies in North America, being forced to repurchase the finished product with a pseudo-currency that prevented them from trading with other nations.
It was Adam Smith who noticed that mercantilism was not a force of development and change, but a regressive system that was creating trade imbalances between nations and keeping them from advancing. His ideas for a free market opened the world to capitalism.

Growth of Industrial Capitalism

Smith's ideas were well-timed, as the Industrial Revolution was starting to cause tremors that would soon shake the Western world. The (often literal) gold mine of colonialism had brought new wealth and new demand for the products of domestic industries, which drove the expansion and mechanization of production. As technology leaped ahead and factories no longer had to be built near waterways or windmills to function, industrialists began building in the cities where there were now thousands of people to supply ready labor.
Industrial tycoons were the first people to amass their wealth in their lifetimes, often outstripping both the landed nobles and many of the money lending/banking families. For the first time in history, common people could have hopes of becoming wealthy. The new money crowd built more factories that required more labor, while also producing more goods for people to purchase.
During this period, the term "capitalism"—originating from the Latin word "capitalis," which means "head of cattle"—was first used by French socialist Louis Blanc in 1850, to signify a system of exclusive ownership of industrial means of production by private individuals rather than shared ownership.
Contrary to popular belief, Karl Marx did not coin the word "capitalism," although he certainly contributed to the rise of its use.

Industrial Capitalism's Effects

Industrial capitalism tended to benefit more levels of society rather than just the aristocratic class. Wages increased, helped greatly by the formation of unions. The standard of living also increased with the glut of affordable products being mass-produced. This growth led to the formation of a middle class and began to lift more and more people from the lower classes to swell its ranks.
The economic freedoms of capitalism matured alongside democratic political freedoms, liberal individualism, and the theory of natural rights. This unified maturity is not to say, however, that all capitalist systems are politically free or encourage individual liberty. Economist Milton Friedman, an advocate of capitalism and individual liberty, wrote in Capitalism and Freedom (1962) that "capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. It is not a sufficient condition."
A dramatic expansion of the financial sector accompanied the rise of industrial capitalism. Banks had previously served as warehouses for valuables, clearinghouses for long-distance trade, or lenders to nobles and governments. Now they came to serve the needs of everyday commerce and the intermediation of credit for large, long-term investment projects. By the 20th century, as stock exchanges became increasingly public and investment vehicles opened up to more individuals, some economists identified a variation on the system: financial capitalism.

Capitalism and Economic Growth

By creating incentives for entrepreneurs to reallocate away resources from unprofitable channels and into areas where consumers value them more highly, capitalism has proven a highly effective vehicle for economic growth.
Before the rise of capitalism in the 18th and 19th centuries, rapid economic growth occurred primarily through conquest and extraction of resources from conquered peoples. In general, this was a localized, zero-sum process. Research suggests average global per-capita income was unchanged between the rise of agricultural societies through approximately 1750 when the roots of the first Industrial Revolution took hold.
In subsequent centuries, capitalist production processes have greatly enhanced productive capacity. More and better goods became cheaply accessible to wide populations, raising standards of living in previously unthinkable ways. As a result, most political theorists and nearly all economists argue that capitalism is the most efficient and productive system of exchange.

Capitalism vs. Socialism

In terms of political economy, capitalism is often pitted against socialism. The fundamental difference between capitalism and socialism is the ownership and control of the means of production. In a capitalist economy, property and businesses are owned and controlled by individuals. In a socialist economy, the state owns and manages the vital means of production. However, other differences also exist in the form of equity, efficiency, and employment.

Equity

The capitalist economy is unconcerned about equitable arrangements. The argument is that inequality is the driving force that encourages innovation, which then pushes economic development. The primary concern of the socialist model is the redistribution of wealth and resources from the rich to the poor, out of fairness, and to ensure equality in opportunity and equality of outcome. Equality is valued above high achievement, and the collective good is viewed above the opportunity for individuals to advance.

Efficiency

The capitalist argument is that the profit incentive drives corporations to develop innovative new products that are desired by the consumer and have demand in the marketplace. It is argued that the state ownership of the means of production leads to inefficiency because, without the motivation to earn more money, management, workers, and developers are less likely to put forth the extra effort to push new ideas or products.

Employment

In a capitalist economy, the state does not directly employ the workforce. This lack of government-run employment can lead to unemployment during economic recessions and depressions. In a socialist economy, the state is the primary employer. During times of economic hardship, the socialist state can order hiring, so there is full employment. Also, there tends to be a stronger "safety net" in socialist systems for workers who are injured or permanently disabled. Those who can no longer work have fewer options available to help them in capitalist societies.

Mixed System vs. Pure Capitalism

When the government owns some but not all of the means of production, but government interests may legally circumvent, replace, limit, or otherwise regulate private economic interests, that is said to be a mixed economy or mixed economic system. A mixed economy respects property rights, but places limits on them.
Property owners are restricted with regards to how they exchange with one another. These restrictions come in many forms, such as minimum wage laws, tariffs, quotas, windfall taxes, license restrictions, prohibited products or contracts, direct public expropriation, anti-trust legislation, legal tender laws, subsidies, and eminent domain. Governments in mixed economies also fully or partly own and operate certain industries, especially those considered public goods, often enforcing legally binding monopolies in those industries to prohibit competition by private entities.
In contrast, pure capitalism, also known as laissez-faire capitalism or anarcho-capitalism, (such as professed by Murray N. Rothbard) all industries are left up to private ownership and operation, including public goods, and no central government authority provides regulation or supervision of economic activity in general.
The standard spectrum of economic systems places laissez-faire capitalism at one extreme and a complete planned economy—such as communism—at the other. Everything in the middle could be said to be a mixed economy. The mixed economy has elements of both central planning and unplanned private business.
By this definition, nearly every country in the world has a mixed economy, but contemporary mixed economies range in their levels of government intervention. The U.S. and the U.K. have a relatively pure type of capitalism with a minimum of federal regulation in financial and labor markets—sometimes known as Anglo-Saxon capitalism—while Canada and the Nordic countries have created a balance between socialism and capitalism.
Many European nations practice welfare capitalism, a system that is concerned with the social welfare of the worker, and includes such policies as state pensions, universal healthcare, collective bargaining, and industrial safety codes.

Crony Capitalism

Crony capitalism refers to a capitalist society that is based on the close relationships between business people and the state. Instead of success being determined by a free market and the rule of law, the success of a business is dependent on the favoritism that is shown to it by the government in the form of tax breaks, government grants, and other incentives.
In practice, this is the dominant form of capitalism worldwide due to the powerful incentives both faced by governments to extract resources by taxing, regulating, and fostering rent-seeking activity, and those faced by capitalist businesses to increase profits by obtaining subsidies, limiting competition, and erecting barriers to entry. In effect, these forces represent a kind of supply and demand for government intervention in the economy, which arises from the economic system itself.
Crony capitalism is widely blamed for a range of social and economic woes. Both socialists and capitalists blame each other for the rise of crony capitalism. Socialists believe that crony capitalism is the inevitable result of pure capitalism. On the other hand, capitalists believe that crony capitalism arises from the need of socialist governments to control the economy.
SPONSORED

Start with $30 trading bonus

Trade forex and CFDs on stock indices, commodities, stocks, metals and energies with a licensed and regulated broker. For all clients who open their first real account, XM offers a $30 trading bonus to test the XM products and services without any initial deposit needed. Learn more about how you can trade over 1000 instruments on the XM MT4 and MT5 platforms from your PC and Mac, or from a variety of mobile devices.Compare Investment Accounts


https://preview.redd.it/grfmt8oe4le41.png?width=1199&format=png&auto=webp&s=49d71283e37563aff53287dff7c1f99f993fb8b5
submitted by MattPetroski to ItalicoIntegralism [link] [comments]

Pairs Trading with Cryptocurrencies – Towards Data Science

fintech #trading #algotrading #quantitative #quant #quants #forex #cryptos #bitcoin

Pairs Trading with Cryptocurrencies – Towards Data ScienceTrading strategy There is no single approach in pairs trading how to calculate the spread and trade this. Some of the approaches use a linear regression and residuals as a spread. We will use the next algorithm.
The algorithmic strategy contains these steps: Identify the cointegrated pairs by one of the methods described above (e.g. Engle-Granger). This step should be performed periodically for getting a pair (or several pairs) that will be used in the next steps.Get the price history of assets by length N. Calculate the returns of each asset (e.g. A and B) in the pair 3. Calculate the difference between returns
  1. Calculate the z-score, z-score is the number of standard deviations from the mean a data point is.
This picture illustrates z-score Standard normal distribution 5. Check enter position rule: Open the long position for A (50% of capital) and the short position for B (50% of capital) if this condition is .....
Continue reading at: https://towardsdatascience.com/pairs-trading-with-cryptocurrencies-e79b4a00b015
submitted by silahian to quant_hft [link] [comments]

Pairs Trading with Cryptocurrencies – Towards Data Science

fintech #trading #algotrading #quantitative #quant #quants #forex #cryptos #bitcoin

Pairs Trading with Cryptocurrencies – Towards Data ScienceTrading strategyThere is no single approach in pairs trading how to calculate the spread and trade this. Some of the approaches use a linear regression and residuals as a spread. We will use the next algorithm.The algorithmic strategy contains these steps:Identify the cointegrated pairs by one of the methods described above (e.g. Engle-Granger). This step should be performed periodically for getting a pair (or several pairs) that will be used in the next steps.Get the price history of assets by length N. Calculate the returns of each asset (e.g. A and B) in the pair3. Calculate the difference between returns4. Calculate the z-score, z-score is the number of standard deviations from the mean a data point is.This picture illustrates z-scoreStandard normal distribution5. Check enter position rule:Open the long position for A (50% of capital) and the short position for B (50% of capital) if this condition is trueOpen the short posit..... Continue reading at: https://towardsdatascience.com/pairs-trading-with-cryptocurrencies-e79b4a00b015
submitted by silahian to quant_hft [link] [comments]

Mainfinex: The Panacea to the Future

Mainfinex: The Panacea to the Future

Mainfinex

MAINFINEX offers a trusted exchange that crypto traders can use to make informed trades and participate in the cryptocurrency market. At the time of launch, MAINFINEX offers 15 different cryptocurrency pairs, all of which include USDT. The MAINFINEX cryptocurrency exchange offers something for every type of trader, regardless of experience level. Beginners will appreciate the intuitive interface and the fact that MAINFINEX uses Tradingview charts, which have numerous online tutorials for guidance. Advanced traders will appreciate the hundreds of drawing tools, the vast quantity of indicators, and high level of customization for charts.
Challenges faced by cryptocurrency exchanges today:
● Failure to apply global financial practices, and poor interface
● Large number of exchanges with little differentiation which complicates the choice of platform for operations
● Large number of unsuccessful traders losing money
● Pain points that are still there.

Exchange
Our understanding of the needs of the key trading parties in digital exchanges comes down to the concept “Traders seek liquidity and investors need profitability.”
  1. Liquidity and profitability
A mechanism we could build in to solve the problems of traders and long-term investors based on the exchange policy related to
trading fees:
  • Flexible interest rate depending on the volume, thus reducing the trading fee. The more activity in a trading section, the cheaper it is for that section
  • Fees reduced in case of severe price deviation. To reduce volatility and slippage and thus increase liquidity, market-making traders creating liquidity will be charged at a lower rate. The increase in volumes triggered by the reduced fee in case of price deviation will help smoothen out volatility.
  1. Reliability
Traders bearing losses have a regressive fee scale depending on the volume of the loss. This mechanism serves to mitigate the consequences of unfavorable deals for a trader.
  1. Sustainability “Back to the battle” Traders who have lost money but made it to the daily TOP 100 based on the volume will receive tokens compensating all the fees they paid or part of the losses. This will help stimulate liquidity in the exchange and create best cryptocurrency market conditions for arbitrage funds. Such funds account for up 80% of transaction in fiat exchanges.
  2. Concept: gaming elements of the exchange, buttons, etc. “Titles and statuses” With the emergence of cryptocurrencies, the world of finance has been transformed. It has to be clear and relevant for our users since the key audience of the exchange is 25-38 years old. Which means they played DOOM 2 when they were school students (in 1994). Why can’t we give simple names to complex financial instruments? It was the stunts and dirty tricks that guys in suits from investment banks played that eventually caused the mortgage crisis. We have selected the most popular financial instruments that we can provide. They can be understood and activated in one click. We have chosen simple names for them:
● "Forecast”
This button activates an analytical indicator used by most profitable traders
● "Call for help”
Activates a trading robot that will close transactions for you based on algorithms. Trading robots will be provided by successful third party funds
● "Stop me”
Block trading activity for two days. This is a mechanism that successful traders recommend to newbies. Breaks in trading activity help increase the accuracy of decisions and overall profitability
● "Join the group”
This function lets the user transfer money to a pool of professional traders. Similar to PAMM accounts in forex companies
● “Saving up for retirement”
10% from each profitable transaction will be automatically transferred to the annual/call deposit. Many experienced traders who work for themselves do not care about savings because trading is a constant source of big income. Having such a long-term deposit is one of the key ways to ensure security and can even save a family in the bad times
● “Work for us”
Traders without substantial deposits but with free working hours can make money by performing important tasks for the exchange, like in Amazon Mechanical Turk
● “Vanity fair”
Most successful traders may share their divine trading strategies in a master class for traders, with payment in our tokens.
  1. To benefit from certain options like the trading robot or funds management, users will be required to perform specific actions, e.g.: Purchasing exchange tokens. Equivalent free options: e.g., reposting our news daily throughout a month, which will also help expand the user’s subscriber base.
  2. Purchasing liquidity from “mini exchanges”
A partner exchange that will provide liquidity for trading in our exchange or display our depth of market diagram on its website will receive all the relevant fees collected in our tokens. This is how this mechanism works. Mini exchanges have a permanent audience of traders creating liquidity but due to the small volumes, the mutual liquidity among the participants is low and transactions are infrequent. This is a case of “the chicken or the egg” problem. The more users there are, the more frequently the transactions occur between the same users. Accordingly, a mini exchange will be able to increase the volume of fees collected by 3-4 times by using this opportunity.
  1. IEO sale
A shopping cart with all kinds of tokens. Includes both potentially successful and unsuccessful coins that cannot afford to pay the listing fee on their own. We collect the entire pool in a cart and sell it as one portfolio at a greatly reduced price. This gives unsuccessful ICO projects an opportunity to return part of the invested funds. And the users buying such assets at a rate below the cost level have more chances of profiting from price growth. The higher risk of unsuccessful projects in the portfolio compensated by the low price and the potentially high profitability is the key incentive.
  1. Exchange Tutorial
Just like in complex computer games such as urban construction simulators or turn-based strategies, at the first stage the player is taught how to use the game’s functionalities before he starts playing it in the full mode. Finance and cryptocurrencies have never been simple. Every individual financial instrument is based on a complex concept. The simplicity of starting to trade cryptocurrencies and the lack of regulation in the market result in a situation when most traders lose their money and investments. The tutorial works the same simple way, providing prompts on the sequence of the steps in the exchange. We will cooperate with several financial regulators to improve this instrument in order to develop new instruments that will help mitigate the risk of losses for each individual trader. At the end, many of the regulators’ tasks come down to managing the consequences of the great financial gap between trading parties.

Information correct at time of going to type. For updated information, go to Mainfinex Exchange web platform (Mainfinex Exchange website).
Note: In the event of conflict between this information and the information on the Mainfinex Exchange Website, the information on the Mainfinex Exchange Website will prevail.
Here, I present to you Mainfinex- The Future of Cryptocurrency Exchange, Mainfinex!!!
Mainfinex Exchange website
Mainfinex Exchange WhitePaper
ETH Address: 0x49d576e54C78e17E4451E7eF9f1d9C8e55360661
Email Address: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
submitted by Busganda to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Forex Sentiment Data Overview, it's Application in Algo trading, and Free Sample Data

From Commitment of Traders (COT) to the Daily Sentiment Index (DSI), to the Put/Call ratio and more, sentiment data has long been highly sought after by both professional and retail traders in the mission to get an edge in the market. Equity and futures traders can access this market data relatively easily due to the centralization of the market they are trading.

But what about Forex traders? There is no single centralized exchange for the Foreign Exchange market therefore sentiment data is difficult to obtain and can be extremely pricey for Forex traders. Furthermore, if a trader had access to such data, the sample set may be limited and not closely reflect the actual market.

In order for Forex sentiment data to be valuable, the data must be derived from a large, far reaching sample of Forex traders. FXCM boasts important Forex trading volumes and a significant trader sample and the broker’s large sample size is one of the most representative samples of the entire retail Forex market. Therefore, the data can be used to help predict movement of the rate of an instrument in the overall market.

This sentiment data shows the retail trader positioning and is derived from the buyer-to-seller ratio among retail FXCM traders. At a glance, you can see historical and current trader positioning in the market. A positive ratio indicates there are more traders that are long for every trader that is short. A negative ratio is indicative of a higher number of traders that are short for every long trader. For example, a ratio of 2.5 would mean that there are 2.5 traders that are long for every short trader and -2.5 would mean just the opposite.

When it comes to algo trading, sentiment can be used as a contrarian indicator to help predict potential moves and locate trading opportunities. When there is an extreme ratio or net volume reading, the majority of traders are either long or short a specific instrument. It is expected that the traders who are currently in these positions will eventually close out therefore bring the ratio back to neutral. Consequently, there tends to be a sharp price movement or a reversal.

When extremes like this are present in the market, a mean reversion automated strategy can be implemented to take advantage of the moves in the market that are expected to ensue. If sentiment is skewed very high or very low, price is moving away from the mean. However, over time it is expected to regress back to the mean resulting in a more neutral reading. Neutral would be considered a number close to 1.0 or -1.0. It is recommended that a confirmation indicator or two be coded into the mean reversion strategy as well.

Free one-month sample of the historical Sentiment Data can be accessed by pasting this link in your browser https://sampledata.fxcorporate.com/sentiment/{instrument}.csv.gz and changing the {instrument}: to the pair or CFD you would like to download data for. For example, for USD/JPY data download you would use this link: https://sampledata.fxcorporate.com/sentiment/USDJPY.csv.gz.
When the file downloads, it will be a GNU zip compressed file so you will need to use a decompression utility to open it. To open the file with 7zip, open the downloads folder, click on your file, and click ‘copy path’. Then open 7Zip and paste your clipboard into the address bar and click enter. Then click the ‘extract’ button. This will open a window where you can designate a destination to copy your new csv file. Click OK, and navigate back to your file explorer to see your csv file.
You can find more details about the sentiment data by checking out FXCM’s Github page: https://github.com/fxcm/MarketData/tree/masteSentiment
submitted by JasonRogers to AlgoTradingFXCM [link] [comments]

Attorney and CPA Sean King's Insightful Thoughts on Bitcoin as the World's First "Universal Exchange".

Here's a summary for all you tl;dr types:
1) Trust is essential to efficient commerce. Without it, trade slows to a crawl. Therefore trust, or at least the illusion of it, is a useful commodity that is regularly bought and sold in the marketplace, and currently at a steep price.
2) Prior to Bitcoin, trust was "largely a mass illusion ginned up with innumerable layers of confidence building tricks."
3) For instance, as a society we insist trade take place on the books of "trusted" third parties, most often because we don't completely trust our counterparty and nobody would accept our own "proof of ownership" of a given asset as legit. We then have 4th party regulators and 5th party CPAs oversee the work of our supposedly "trusted" third party exchanges to gin up more trust in the system.
4) Even these regulators and CPAs are themselves audited--the former by the likes of the General Accounting Office and the latter via a process known as "peer review".
5) So, to create the illusion of trust, we literally have auditors auditing auditors and regulators regulating regulators. Very expensive!
6) To facilitate this regulation and auditing, which is required for confidence, we have segregated trading onto specialty exchanges, each with their own set of regs and confidence building rules that vary based upon the unique challenges of their traded commodity. For instance, stocks are traded on stock exchanges, commodities on commodities exchanges, forex on forex exchanges, real estate on the government's books (Registry of Deeds), etc.
7) Bitcoin and its offspring (smart contracts, etc.) either eliminates (in some cases) or greatly reduces (in others) the need for fake forms of "trust" in trade.
8) When trust is less required, so are the specialty exchanges and all the auditors and regulatory oversight that goes with them.
9) Bitcoin is not money or currency, it is a "Universal Exchange". "Just like a universal computer can theoretically compute any computable sequence, a Universal Exchange can be used to trade anything that's tradable." That is literally possible with Bitcoin.
10) It's impossible to place a trade or to make an entry into Bitcoin's Universal Exchange without controlling bitcoins. Since bitcoins are thus useful and scarce, they have value. "It's the law."
11) An additional benefit of legacy specialty exchanges was that they frequently facilitated barter. For instance, on stock exchanges entire companies are regularly purchased in stock swaps with comparatively little money changing hands. Same with real estate (so-called 1031 exchanges). Same with commodities of various types. Exchanges thus reduce the need for cash, though historically this has only worked when we desired to trade like assets (stock, for instance) for like assets (other stock). Trading stock for...something else...was much more difficult since everything is segregated on its own exchange subject to its own set of rules.
12) On a Universal Exchange, "I could just as easily swap stock for my car as I could stock for cash or stock for stock." With a Universal Exchange, the need for money is greatly diminished. When literally everything can be instantly traded on a single electronic exchange, a barter economy becomes scalable for the first time in history. The "double coincidence of wants" is much less of a problem/issue. On a Universal Exchange, "everything becomes readily tradable for everything else".
13) Thus, bitcoins will not soon be the medium of exchange. Rather, they are the "method by which things are exchanged in exchange for" other things or for the medium of exchange. They are what makes a Universal Exchange, with all of its fake-trust-busting characteristics, possible.
14) Thus, Bitcoins are not valuable just because you can trade things for them, but rather because you will be able to trade things with (via) them. They are valuable because they are useful in facilitating trading (just like "trusted" third parties have historically been useful in facilitating trading). "Trusted" third parties, and their auditors and regulators, can extort very high premiums for providing the illusion of trust. How much more valuable is bitcoin, which reduces or in some cases eliminates the need for such trust to begin with.
At least for now, Bitcoin doesn't replace money. Instead, it replaces fake and ginned up forms of trust. By viewing Bitcoin as a means of replacing "trusted third parties", by viewing it as the backbone of the worlds first Universal Exchange (upon which literally anything that's tradable can be traded, even in-kind), we avoid many traps. For instance, we avoid endless debates about whether bitcoins are money or not. We avoid the risk of convincing regulators that they are money or currency and should be regulated as such. We solve the problem of Mises' (endless) Regression Theorum. Etc.
Sean's full write-up can be found here: http://wefivekingsblog.blogspot.de/2014/01/the-universe-wants-one-exchange.html
submitted by Anonpic to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Mean Reversion  Implementering av strategi EP 278: REGRESSION TO THE MEAN Forex Trading: Are You A Mean Reversion or Trend Following Trader? Linear Regression Indicator – indicator for MetaTrader 4 AlphaTrader - How To Use a Linear Regression Slope How I Use The Linear Regression Channel Indicator In My ... REGRESSÃO À MÉDIA & ZONA DE CONFORTO  MENTALIDADE Part 2: The Reversion to The Mean Bias Live Forex Trading Signals On FX Major

Building A Mean Reversion Trading Strategy In 10 Steps. Now we have talked about some background, I am going to detail more about my process for building mean reversion trading systems. I think we can break this process down into roughly 10 steps. It all begins with getting ready the right tools for the job. Step One – Software Building a Random Forest Regression model for Forex trading using price indicators and a sentiment indicator. EPAT Trading Projects Forex & Crypto Trading. Sep 14, 2020. 7 min read . This article helps you understand how you can build a machine learning model that could predict the next day’s currency close price based on previous days data. The complete data files and python code used in ... When trading mean reversion, you have to set your stop loss correctly to protect your trades. Well, Larry did not specify where to put your stops in this strategy, but you need at least enough room for errors to prevent whipsaws in the price. In RSI mean reversion, you should have an exit plan in your trade areas to protect your trade. 3. MA 200/MA 20. Strategy: Buy when the price is below ... Theoretically, its application in Forex is unlimited. Mean Reversion Mean Reversion settings . The indicator is drawn on the chart of the instrument and looks like seven lines, between which the price moves. The central line is the main one, above and below it six more lines constitute the channel. The main line is called the gravity center. It is calculated based on polynomial regression ... I'm aware of two main schools of thought regarding pairs trading. Both involve mean reversion. Both have plusses and minuses. 1) Empirical or model-free (correlation) The empirical school calculates a spread on two (or more) highly correlated pairs and trades deviations in that spread back to the mean or some other point. The calculation can be something like: spread = A * coef1 - B * coef2 ... With Forex linear regression trading, the two variables we (as professional traders) are interested in are time and price. Existing data values between the two are plentiful, of course. By observing the data within a given period: we theoretically gain insight into the future performance, given that we can find a satisfactory line of best fit. This is because the line of best fit is ... TESLA is showing its power to regress to the mean after the Black Swan event. Glad the family is coming together to help Elon with his vision, and the new Cyber Truck looks like it will be a new era for the car company. The solar cells have been a hit, and even cost-effective with the rebates and tax deductions are given to the home/business owner of the battery backup.

[index] [16858] [8450] [10684] [8891] [6446] [1548] [6763] [6466] [5167] [28518]

Mean Reversion Implementering av strategi

Regression to the Mean - Don't Get Fooled by Randomness - Duration: 6:00. ... WHY YOU NEED TO KNOW THE BEST TIME FRAME TO TRADE **FOREX-CRYPTOCURRENCY-STOCKS** - Duration: 16:01. WISE WISDOM ... Mean Reversion in Options Trading ... Regression to the Mean - Duration: 7:38. Veritasium Recommended for you. 7:38. ex Goldman Sachs Trader Tells Truth about Trading - Part 1 - Duration: 12:39 ... The ATR Indicator Is The Single Best Indicator Forex Traders Can Have ... Trading with Regression Channel Analysis June 26, 2019 - Duration: 1:29:18. HotForex 1,711 views. 1:29:18. 01 04 Part 1 ... Regression to the Mean - Duration: 7:38. ... Best FX Trading Strategies (THE Top Strategy for Forex Trading) - Duration: 32:00. No Nonsense Forex Recommended for you. 32:00. SETUP'S LARRY WILLIAMS ... that trade within different ranges. The normalized slope value reflects the price change in percent per bar of the regression line. If the normalized slope is 0.25, this means that the regression ... Download Linear Regression Indicator – indicator for MetaTrader 4 - https://forexmt4indicators.com/linear-regression-indicator-indicator-for-metatrader-4/ --... Forex Trading: Are You A Mean Reversion or Trend Following Trader? One of several initial actions intended for beginning evening merchants would be to determine one's exchanging school of thought. A Regression channel can also be found. There will be also Major and Minor Fibonacci projection zones displayed on each chart that are meant to use as a potential Support and Resistance zone. Just ... #TheArtofSimpleTrading #SimpleTradingTools #LinearRegressionChannelIndicator Linear Regression Channel Indicator https://www.theartofsimpletrading.com/ In th...

http://binary-optiontrade.cravdumitri.tk